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The Waning Authority of Christ in the Churches

Is He Lord or Merely a Beloved Symbol?

By A. W. Tozer


With a recommended reading list of Tozer’s works




From the back cover of the printed booklet: As A. W. Tozer writes, “Among the gospel Churches, Christ is, in fact, little more than  a beloved symbol. The Lordship of Jesus is not quite forgotten, but it has been mostly relegated to the hymnal where all responsibility toward it may be discharged in a glow of pleasant religion. Or if it is taught as a theory in the classroom, it is rarely applied to practical living. The idea that the Man Christ Jesus has absolute and final authority over the whole church and over all of its members in every detail of their lives is simply not now accepted as true by the rank and file of evangelical Christians.”


A. W. Tozer was, indeed, a 20th Century prophet, not in the sense that he spoke new truth, but in the sense that he spoke as one who knew his times and what God was saying to the people of his times. This booklet contains one of Tozer’s most well known and most powerful articles. It appeared in The Alliance Witness—a publication Tozer edited for many years—on May 15, 1963, just two days after Tozer’s death. In a sense it was his valedictory, for it expressed the concern of his heart. This article was, in fact, the one that began the editor’s thorough study of Tozer’s writings and prompted his book The Forgotten Tozer, a review and analysis of Tozer’s thought on contemporary Christianity.



The Waning Authority of Christ in the Churches


               Here is the burden of my heart; and while I claim for myself no special inspiration I yet feel that this is also the burden of the Spirit.


               If I know my own heart it is love alone that moves me to write this. What I write here is not the sour ferment of a mind agitated by contentions with my fellow Christians. There have been no such contentions. I have not been abused, mistreated or attacked by anyone. Nor have these observations grown out of any unpleasant experiences that I have had in my association with others. My relations with my own church as well as with Christians of other denominations have been friendly, courteous and pleasant. My grief is simply the result of a condition which I believe to be almost universally prevalent among the churches.


               I think also that I should acknowledge that I am myself very much involved in the situation I here deplore. As Ezra in his mighty prayer of intercession included himself among the wrongdoers, so do I. “O my God, I am ashamed and blush to lift up my face to thee, my God: for our iniquities are increased over our head, and our trespass is grown up unto the heavens” [Ezra 9:6]. Any hard word spoken here against others must in simple honesty return upon my own head. I too have been guilty. This is written with the hope that we all may turn unto the Lord our God and sin no more against Him.


               Let me state the cause of my burden. It is this: Jesus Christ has today almost no authority at all among the groups that call themselves by His name. By these I mean not the Roman Catholics nor the liberals, nor the various quasi-Christian cults. I do mean Protestant churches generally, and I include those that protest the loudest that they are in spiritual descent from our Lord and His apostles, namely, the evangelicals.


               It is a basic doctrine of the New Testament that after His resurrection the Man Jesus was declared by God to be both Lord and Christ, and that He was invested by the Father with absolute Lordship over the church which is His Body. All authority is His in heaven and in earth. In His own proper time He will exert it to the full, but during this period in history He allows this authority to be challenged or ignored. And just now it is being challenged by the world and ignored by the church.


               The present position of Christ in the gospel churches may be likened to that of a king in a limited, constitutional monarchy. The king (sometimes depersonalized by the term “the Crown”) is in such a country no more than a traditional rallying point, a pleasant symbol of unity and loyalty much like a flag or a national anthem. He is lauded, feted and supported, but his real authority is small. Nominally he is head over all, but in every crisis someone else makes the decisions. On formal occasions he appears in his royal attire to deliver the tame, colorless speech put into his mouth by the real rulers of the country. The whole thing may be no more than good-natured make-believe, but it is rooted in antiquity, it is a lot of fun and no one wants to give it up.


Among the gospel churches Christ is now in fact little more than a beloved symbol.  “All Hail the Power of Jesus’ Name” is the church’s national anthem and the cross is her official flag, but in the week-by-week services of the church and the day-by-day conduct of her members someone else, not Christ, makes the decisions. Under proper circumstances Christ is allowed to say “Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden” or “Let not your heart be troubled,” but when the speech is finished someone else takes over. Those in actual authority decide the moral standards of the church, as well as all objectives and all methods employed to achieve them. Because of long and meticulous organization it is now possible for the youngest pastor just out of seminary to have more actual authority in a church than Jesus Christ has.


               Not only does Christ have little or no authority; His influence also is becoming less and less. I would not say that He has none, only that it is small and diminishing. A fair parallel would be the influence of Abraham Lincoln over the American people. Honest Abe is still the idol of the country. The likeness of his kind, rugged face, so homely that it is beautiful, appears everywhere. It is easy to grow misty-eyed over him. Children are brought up on stories of his love, his honesty, and his humility.


               But after we have gotten control over our tender emotions what have we left? No more than a good example, which, as it recedes into the past, becomes more and more unreal and exercises less and less real influence. Every scoundrel is ready to wrap Lincoln’s long black coat around him. In the cold light of political facts in the United States the constant appeal to Lincoln by the politicians is a cynical joke.


The Lordship of Jesus is not quite forgotten among Christians, but it has been relegated to the hymnal where all responsibility toward it may be comfortably discharged in a glow of pleasant religious emotion. Or if it is taught as a theory in the classroom it is rarely applied to practical living. The idea that the Man Christ Jesus has absolute and final authority over the whole church and over all of its members in every detail of their lives is simply not now accepted as true by the rank and file of evangelical Christians.


               What we do is this: We accept the Christianity of our group as being identical with that of Christ and His apostles. The beliefs, the practices, the ethics, the activities of our group are equated with the Christianity of the New Testament. Whatever the group thinks or says or does is scriptural, no questions asked. It is assumed that all our Lord expects of us is that we busy ourselves with the activities of the group. In so doing we are keeping the commandments of Christ.


               To avoid the hard necessity of either obeying or rejecting the plain instructions of our Lord in the New Testament we take refuge in a liberal interpretation of them. Casuistry [tricky reasoning] is not the possession of Roman Catholic theologians alone. We evangelicals also know how to avoid the sharp point of obedience by means of fine and intricate explanations. These are tailor-made for the flesh. They excuse disobedience, comfort carnality and make the words of Christ of none effect [Mk. 7:13]. And the essence of it all is that Christ simply could not have meant what He said. His teachings are accepted even theoretically only after they have been weakened by interpretation.


Yet Christ is consulted by increasing numbers of persons with “problems” and sought after by those who long for peace of mind. He is widely recommended as a kind of spiritual psychiatrist with remarkable powers to straighten people out. He is able to deliver them from their guilt complexes and to help them to avoid serious psychic traumas by making a smooth and easy adjustment to society and to their own ids. Of course this strange Christ has no relation whatever to the Christ of the New Testament.  The true Christ is also Lord, but this accommodating Christ is little more than the servant of the people.


               But I suppose I should offer some concrete proof to support my charge that Christ has little or no authority today among the churches. Well, let me put a few questions and let the answers be the evidence.


               What church board consults our Lord’s words to decide matters under discussion?  Let anyone reading this who has had experience on a church board try to recall the times or time when any board member read from the Scriptures to make a point, or when any chairman suggested that the brethren should see what instructions the Lord had for them on a particular question. Board meetings are habitually opened with a formal prayer or “a season of prayer;” after that the Head of the Church is respectfully silent while the real rulers take over. Let anyone who denies this bring forth evidence to refute it. I for one will be glad to hear it.


               What Sunday school committee goes to the Word for directions? Do not the members invariably assume that they already know what they are supposed to do and that their only problem is to find effective means to get it done? Plans, rules, “operations” and new methodological techniques absorb all their time and attention. The prayer before the meeting is for divine help to carry out their plans. Apparently the idea that the Lord might have some instructions for them never so much as enters their heads.


               Who remembers when a conference chairman brought his Bible to the table with him for the purpose of using it? Minutes, regulations, rules of order, yes. The sacred commandments of the Lord, no. An absolute dichotomy exists between the devotional period and the business session. The first has no relation to the second.

               What foreign mission board actually seeks to follow the guidance of the Lord as provided by His Word and His Spirit? They all think they do, but what they do in fact is to assume the scripturalness of their ends and then ask for help to find ways to achieve them. They may pray all night for God to give success to their enterprises, but Christ is desired as their helper, not as their Lord. Human means are devised to achieve ends assumed to be divine. These harden into policy, and thereafter the Lord doesn’t even have a vote.


               In the conduct of our public worship where is the authority of Christ to be found? The truth is that today the Lord rarely controls a service, and the influence He exerts is very small. We sing of Him and preach about Him, but He must not interfere; we worship our way, and it must be right because we have always done it that way, as have the other churches in our group.


               What Christian when faced with a moral problem goes straight to the Sermon on the Mount or other New Testament Scripture for the authoritative answer? Who lets the words of Christ be final on giving, birth control, the bringing up of a family, personal habits, tithing, entertainment, buying, selling and other such important matters?


               What theological school, from the lowly Bible institute up, could continue to operate if it were to make Christ Lord of its every policy? There may be some, and I hope there are, but I believe I am right when I say that most such schools to stay in business are forced to adopt procedures which find no justification in the Bible they profess to teach. So we have this strange anomaly: the authority of Christ is ignored in order to maintain a school to teach among other things the authority of Christ.


               The causes back of the decline in our Lord’s authority are many. I name only two.


               One is the power of custom, precedent and tradition within the older religious groups. These like gravitation affect every particle of religious practice within the group, exerting a steady and constant pressure in one direction. Of course that direction is toward conformity to the status quo. Not Christ but custom is lord in this situation. And the same thing has passed over (possibly to a slightly lesser degree) into the other groups such as the full gospel tabernacles, the holiness churches, the Pentecostal and fundamental churches and the many independent and undenominational churches found everywhere throughout the North American continent.

The second cause is the revival of intellectualism among the evangelicals. This, if I sense the situation correctly, is not so much a thirst for learning as a desire for a reputation of being learned. Because of it good men who ought to know better are being put in the position of collaborating with the enemy. I’ll explain.


               Our evangelical faith (which I believe to be the true faith of Christ and His apostles) is being attacked these days from many different directions. In the Western world the enemy has forsworn violence. He comes against us no more with sword and fagot; he now comes smiling, bearing gifts. He raises his eyes to heaven and swears that he too believes in the faith of our fathers, but his real purpose is to destroy that faith, or at least to modify it to such an extent that it is no longer the supernatural thing it once was. He comes in the name of philosophy or psychology or anthropology, and with sweet reasonableness urges us to rethink our historic position, to be less rigid, more tolerant, more broadly understanding.


               He [the enemy] speaks in the sacred jargon of the schools, and many of our half-educated evangelicals run to fawn on him. He tosses academic degrees to the scrambling sons of the prophets as Rockefeller used to toss dimes to the children of the peasants. The evangelicals who, with some justification, have been accused of lacking true scholarship, now grab for these status symbols with shining eyes, and when they get them they are scarcely able to believe their eyes. They walk about in a kind of ecstatic unbelief, much as the soloist of the neighborhood church choir might were she to be invited to sing at La Scala.


For the true Christian the one supreme test for the present soundness and ultimate worth of everything religious must be the place our Lord occupies in it. Is He Lord or symbol? Is He in charge of the project or merely one of the crew? Does He decide things or only help to carry out the plans of others? All religious activities, from the simplest act of an individual Christian to the ponderous and expensive operations of a whole denomination, may be proved by the answer to the question, Is Jesus Christ Lord in this act? Whether our works prove to be wood, hay and stubble or gold and silver and precious stones in that great day will depend upon the right answer to that question.


               What, then, are we to do? Each one of us must decide, and there are at least three possible choices. One is to rise up in shocked indignation and accuse me of irresponsible reporting. Another is to nod general agreement with what is written here but take comfort in the fact that there are exceptions and we are among the exceptions. The other is to go down in meek humility and confess that we have grieved the Spirit and dishonored our Lord in failing to give Him the place His Father has given Him as Head and Lord of the Church.


               Either the first or the second will but confirm the wrong. The third if carried out to its conclusion can remove the curse. The decision lies with us.





The Absolutely Essential Tozer

By the Editor of Sola Scriptura Publications


               I agree totally with Leonard Ravenhill, who wrote the Forward to James Snyder’s biography of A. W. Tozer: “I advise every Bible student with whom I have contact by phone or by letter or in person: Buy all the books Dr. Tozer has written and digest them.”


               I have yet to read a Tozer book that was not a blessing, and from which I gleaned something, and often much. I, therefore, recommend every single one of Tozer’s books without exception and encourage every Christian to read every one of them.


               There are some Tozer books, however, that I believe especially stand out as absolutely essential. I think these should be first in any Tozer “to read list.” It is my humble opinion that there are six Tozer books that constitute “The Absolutely Essential Tozer” (taken from an Appendix in the editor’s book, The Forgotten Tozer).


               Before listing and briefly describing these six books, I would encourage you not to approach a Tozer book as you would most other books. Most Tozer books are short enough that the average reader can read one in one or two sittings, but I strongly encourage you not to do so. You’ll miss a lot if you do. Read Tozer slowly. You might want to read just one chapter a day, for example, as part of your daily time with the Lord. Meditate on Tozer, not as a substitute for God’s Word, rather as a supplement to It. The result will be a deeper Christian experience.


The Knowledge of the Holy


               Many Tozer reviewers recommend The Pursuit of God as the reader’s first meeting with A. W. Tozer, but I dare to be different. I firmly believe that we need to know Whom we are pursuing before we can pursue Him correctly and grow spiritually. As Tozer writes in the Preface, “The Low view of God entertained almost universally among Christians is the cause of a hundred lesser evils among us.” Unless our view of God is right, we will not be able to grow spiritually or serve correctly. This book is an unparalleled devotional treatment of the attributes of God. This is not an academic treatment of God’s attributes, rather a meditative treatment that blesses the heart. Tozer’s hope for this wonderful book was that Christians would “be encouraged to begin the practice of the reverent meditation on the being of God.”


The Pursuit of God


               To simply call this “a devotional classic” is an understatement. As biographer James Snyder recounts, Tozer began writing at 9:00 P.M. on a train bound from Chicago to Texas, wrote all night, and finished a rough draft early the next morning. The words flowed from a heart fixed upon an intimate relationship with God and a mind that wanted the same for his readers. More than any of his other books, this one will help you satisfy your hunger and thirst for God’s Presence in your life.


The Pursuit of Man


               Previously published under the title The Divine Conquest, this book is a sequel to The Pursuit of God. Tozer here speaks of a total “invasion” of the Holy Spirit. In the psychobabble of our age we hear much about “inferiority” and other concocted philosophies, but there is none of that here. Here we find the “interiority” of spirituality. “If we would know the power of the Christian message,” Tozer writes in the Preface, “our nature must be invaded by an Object from beyond it . . . the objective Reality which is God must cross the threshold of our personality and take residence there.”


That Incredible Christian


               Like many of Tozer’s books, this one is a collection of articles that appeared in The Alliance Witness. I think this book is a good follow up to the three previous books because it reinforces and applies many of the truths presented there. Just a few of its 41 articles include: “What It Means to Accept Christ,” “Why the Holy Spirit Is Given,” “Marks of the Spiritual Man,” and “The Art of True Worship.”


Of God and Men


               Tozer arranged and edited this collection of articles from The Alliance Witness. This is one of my favorite Tozer books because it practically confronts many of the problems and attitudes that plague the Church today. A few of the articles include: “The Report of the Watcher,” “The First Obligation of the Church,” “The Gift of Prophetic Insight,” and “Prayer: No Substitute for Obedience.”


God Tells the Man Who Cares


               This is the book—which contains the article in this booklet—that began my study of Tozer’s thought, and I quoted from it several times in my book The Forgotten Tozer. Of all Tozer’s books, this one contains the largest amount of contemporary comment. It is a book I wish I could put in the hands of every pastor and Christian leader in the world. It will only make a difference, however, in the lives and ministries of “the men who really care.”













































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